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Scooby-Doo is an animated series produced for Saturday morning television in several different names and incarnations from 1969 to the present. The original series, Scooby Doo Where Are You!, was created for Hanna-Barbera Productions by writers Joe Ruby and Ken Spears, CBS executive Fred Silverman, and character designer Iwao Takamoto.

Hanna-Barbara and its successor, Warner Bros. Animation, have produced numerous follow-up and spin-off animated series and several related works, including television specials and telefilms, a line of direct-to-video films, and two Warner Bros. produced theatrical feature films. Although the format of the show and the cast (and ages) of characters have varied significantly over the years, the most familiar versions of the show feature a talking Great Dane, Scooby-Doo, and four teenage mystery solvers: Fred "Freddie" Jones, Daphne Blake, Velma Dinkley and Norville "Shaggy" Rogers. Shaggy's voice was originally provided by American Top 40 DJ Casey Kasem. Scooby's speech patterns closely resembled an earlier cartoon dog, Astro from The Jetsons.[1]

These five characters, collectively known as "Mystery, Inc." but never referred to as such in the original series, drive around in the Mystery Machine van,[2] solving mysteries by exposing seemingly-otherworldly ghosts and monsters as flesh-and-blood crooks, with the young investigators discovering that the criminals had used costumes, latex masks, and special effects to frighten or deceive witnesses.

Later versions of Scooby-Doo featured different variations on the show's supernatural theme and include characters such as Scooby's cousin Scooby-Dum and nephew Scrappy-Doo in addition to or instead of some of the original characters.

Repeats of the various series are broadcast frequently on Boomerang and Cartoon Network in the United States and other countries.

Scooby Doo Where Are You! (1969-1970)

Scooby Doo title card

Scooby Doo Where Are You! made its CBS network debut Saturday 13 September 1969 with its first episode, "What a Night for a Knight". The first season ran 17 episodes. The show was a major ratings success for CBS, and they renewed it for a second season in 1970.

The eight 1970 episodes of Scooby Doo Where Are You! differed slightly from the first season episodes in their uses of more slapstick humor, Archie Show-like "chase songs" during climactic sequences, Heather North performing the voice of Daphne in place of Christopherson, and a re-recorded version of the theme song sung by Austin Roberts. This season also marked an attempt at providing a real mystery with multiple suspects and red herring clues. Both seasons contained a laugh track, which was the standard practice for U.S. cartoon series during the 1960s and 1970s.

The show also ran during the 1971-1972 TV season, but no new episodes were created at this time.

The New Scooby-Doo Movies (1972-1974)

New Scooby-Doo Movies Title Card

In 1972, after 25 half-hour episodes, the program was doubled to a full hour and called The New Scooby-Doo Movies, each episode of which featured a different guest star helping the gang solve mysteries. Among the most notable of these guest stars were Harlem Globetrotters, the Three Stooges, Don Knotts and Batman & Robin, each of whom appeared at least twice on the show. Hanna-Barbera musical director Hoyt Curtin composed a new theme song for this series, and Curtin's theme would remain in use for much of Scooby-Doo's original broadcast run. After two seasons and 24 episodes of the New Movies format from 1972 to 1974, the show went to reruns of the original series until Scooby moved to ABC in 1976.

The Scooby-Doo Dynomutt Show & Laff-a-Lympics (1976-1979)

Scooby-Doo and Dynomutt

On ABC, the show went through almost yearly format changes. For their 1976–1977 season, new episodes of Scooby-Doo were joined with a new Hanna-Barbera show, Dynomutt, Dog Wonder, to create The Scooby-Doo Dynomutt Hour. It became The Scooby-Doo Dynomutt Show when a bonus Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! rerun was added to it in November 1976. This hour-long package show later evolved into the longer programming blocks Scooby's All-Star Laff-a-Lympics (1977–1978) and Scooby's All-Stars] (1978–1979).

New Scooby episodes, in the original Scooby Doo Where Are You! format, were produced for each of these three seasons. Four of these episodes featured Scooby's dim-witted country cousin, Scooby-Dum, as a semi-regular character. The Scooby-Doo episodes produced during these three seasons were later packaged together for syndication as The Scooby-Doo Show, under which title they continue to air. For the Scooby's All-Star Laff-A-Lympics and Scooby's All-Stars programming blocks, Scooby-Doo was packaged alongside Laff-a-Lympics, a new Hanna-Barbera cartoon featuring many of its characters in parodies of Olympic sporting events. Scooby-Doo appeared on the show as the team captain of the "Scooby Doobies" team, with Shaggy and Scooby-Dum among his teammates.

Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo & The Richie Rich/Scooby-Doo Show (1979-1985)


In 1979, Scooby's tiny nephew, Scrappy-Doo, was added to both the series and the billing, in an attempt to boost Scooby-Doo's slipping ratings. The 1979–1980 episodes, aired under the title Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo, succeeded in regenerating interest in the show, and as a result the entire show was overhauled in 1980 to focus more upon Scrappy-Doo. At this time, Scooby-Doo started to walk and run anthropomorphically on two feet, rather than four like a normal dog, as he did previously. The ratings improved with children, but many long-time fans reviled the Scrappy-Doo character. Fred, Daphne and Velma were dropped from the series, and the new Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo format was now composed of three seven-minute comedic adventures starring Scooby, Scrappy and Shaggy instead of one half-hour mystery. This version of Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo aired as part of The Richie Rich/Scooby-Doo Show from 1980 to 1982, and as part of The Scooby & Scrappy-Doo/Puppy Hour from 1982 to 1983. Most of the supernatural villains in the seven-minute Scooby and Scrappy cartoons, who in previous Scooby series had been revealed to be human criminals in costume, were now "real" within the context of the series. Daphne returned to the cast for The All-New Scooby and Scrappy-Doo Show in 1983, which comprised two 11-minute episodes in a format reminiscent of the original Scooby Doo Where Are You! mysteries. This version of the show lasted for two seasons, with the second season airing under the title The New Scooby-Doo Mysteries and featuring semi-regular appearances from Fred and Velma.

The New Scooby-Doo & Scrappy-Doo Show & The New Scooby-Doo Mysteries (1983-85)

The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo (1985-1986)

1985 saw the debut of The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo, which featured Daphne, Shaggy, Scooby, Scrappy, and new characters Flim-Flam and Vincent Van Ghoul (based upon and voiced by Vincent Price) traveling the globe to capture "thirteen of the most terrifying ghosts and ghouls on the face of the earth." The final first-run episode of The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo aired in March 1986, and no new Scooby series aired on the network for the next two years. Reruns of previous Scooby episodes, however, continued to air, both as part of the Scooby-Doo Mystery Funhouse package and under the New Scooby and Scrappy-Doo Show banner.

A Pup Named Scooby-Doo (1988-1991)

Hanna-Barbera reincarnated the original Scooby Doo Where Are You! cast as junior high school students for A Pup Named Scooby-Doo, which debuted on ABC in 1988. A Pup Named Scooby-Doo was an irreverent, zany re-imagining of the series, heavily inspired by the classic cartoons of Tex Avery and Bob Clampett, and eschewed the quasi-reality of the original Scooby series for a more Looney Tunes-like style, including an episode where Scooby-Doo's parents show up and reveal his real name to be "Scoobert". The retooled show was a success, and lasted until 1991.

What's New Scooby-Doo? (2002-2006)

In 2002, following the successes of the Cartoon Network reruns and four late-1990s direct-to-video Scooby-Doo releases, the original version of the gang was updated for the 21st century for What's New Scooby-Doo?, which aired on Kids' WB from 2002 until 2005, with second-run episodes also appearing on Cartoon Network. Unlike previous Scooby series, the show was produced at Warner Bros. Animation, which had absorbed Hanna-Barbera in 2001. The show returned to the familiar format of the original series for the first time since 1978, with modern technology and culture added to the mix to give the series a more contemporary feel, along with new, digitally-recorded sound effects and music. With Don Messick having died in 1997, Frank Welker took over as Scooby's voice actor, while continuing to provide the voice of Fred as well, and Casey Kasem returned as Shaggy. Grey DeLisle provided the voice of Daphne (she first took the role on Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase, replacing Mary Kay Bergman, who committed suicide shortly before the release of Scooby-Doo and the Alien Invaders) and Mindy Cohn, formerly of the sitcom The Facts of Life, voiced Velma.

Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue! (2006-2008)

After three seasons, What's New Scooby-Doo? was replaced in September 2006 with Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue!, a major revamping of the series which debuted on The CW's Kids' WB Saturday morning programming block. The premise centers on Shaggy inheriting money and a mansion from an uncle, an inventor who has gone into hiding from villains trying to steal his secret invention. The villains, led by "Dr. Phibes" (based primarily upon Dr. Evil from the Austin Powers series, and named after Vincent Price's character from The Abominable Dr. Phibes), then use different schemes to try to get the invention from Shaggy and Scooby, who handle the plots alone. Fred, Daphne and Velma are normally absent, but do make appearances at times to help. The characters were redesigned and the art style revised for the new series. Shaggy and Scooby were slightly developed to make them more charismatic and intelligent due to the adventure-esque pacing.

Television specials, telefilms and direct-to-video features

The Scooby-Doo characters first appeared outside of their regular Saturday morning format in Scooby Goes Hollywood, an hour-long ABC television special aired in prime time on December 13, 1979. The special revolved around Shaggy and Scooby's attempts to have the network move Scooby out of Saturday morning and into a prime-time series, and featured spoofs of then-current TV shows and films such as Happy Days, Superman, Laverne & Shirley and Charlie's Angels.

From 1986 to 1988, Hanna-Barbera Productions produced Hanna-Barbera Superstars 10, a series of syndicated telefilms featuring their most popular characters, including Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound, The Flintstones and The Jetsons. Scooby-Doo, Scrappy-Doo and Shaggy starred in three of these movies: Scooby-Doo Meets the Boo Brothers (1987), Scooby-Doo and the Reluctant Werewolf (1988) and Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul School (1988). In addition, Scooby-Doo and Shaggy appeared as the narrators of the made-for-TV movie Arabian Nights, originally broadcast by TBS in 1994 and later released on video as Scooby-Doo in Arabian Nights.

Starting in 1998, Warner Bros. Animation and Hanna-Barbera (by then a subsidiary of Warner Bros.), began producing one new Scooby-Doo direct-to-video movie a year. These movies featured a slightly older version of the original five-character cast from the Scooby Doo Where Are You! days, and disregards the later Scrappy-Doo years as non-canonical. The movies include Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island (1998), Scooby-Doo and the Witch's Ghost (1999), Scooby-Doo and the Alien Invaders (2000) and Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase (2001). Also in 2001, the Cartoon Network produced Night of the Living Doo, a half-hour parody of the New Scooby-Doo Movies format featuring "special guest stars" David Cross, Gary Coleman, Mark Hamill and Big Bad Voodoo Daddy, complete with a classic retro feel. In 2008, Cartoon Network announced that they were making a Scooby-Doo telefilm that follows the gang when they first met back in high school; the film will premiere in 2009.

The success of the direct-to-video movies led to Scooby's return to Saturday morning, What's New Scooby-Doo?, and Hanna-Barbera based later entries in this series of Scooby movies on it rather than the previous editions. This includes Scooby-Doo and the Legend of the Vampire (2002), Scooby-Doo and the Monster of Mexico (2003), Scooby-Doo and the Loch Ness Monster (2004), Aloha, Scooby-Doo! (2004), Scooby-Doo! in Where's My Mummy? (2005), Scooby-Doo! Pirates Ahoy! (2006), Chill Out, Scooby-Doo! (2007), Scooby-Doo and the Goblin King (2008) and Scooby-Doo and the Samurai Sword (2009), so far.

A number of these Scooby-Doo telefilms and direct-to-video features, as well as many of the early-1980s shows featuring Scrappy-Doo, feature the gang encountering actual supernatural beings. In Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul School (1988), Shaggy, Scooby and Scrappy sign up as gym teachers for Miss Grimwood's school for girls, but find it is actually a school for ghouls, where the trio end up teaching the daughters of Frankenstein's monster, Dracula, the Wolf Man, the Mummy and the stereotypical ghost monster (Phantasma the Phantom). Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island (1998) featured the original 1969 gang, reunited after years of being apart, fighting voodoo-worshiping cat creatures in the Louisiana bayou. Scooby-Doo and the Witch's Ghost featured an author (Tim Curry) returning to his home with the gang, who learned that an event is being haunted by the author's dead grandmother, who was an actual witch. The later What's New Scooby-Doo-based entries in the direct-to-video series returned to the original formula, and are basically extended episodes of the What's New Scooby-Doo series, with the exceptions of Scooby-Doo and the Legend of the Vampire and Scooby-Doo and the Monster of Mexico, both of which were done in a retro style, which unlike the newer TV series, made it resemble an old Scooby Doo Where Are You! production, complete with the original voice cast and sound effects.

Live-action Warner Bros. feature films

A feature-length live-action film version of Scooby-Doo was released by Warner Bros. in 2002. The cast included Freddie Prinze, Jr., as Fred, Sarah Michelle Gellar as Daphne, Matthew Lillard as Shaggy, and Linda Cardellini as Velma. Scooby-Doo was created on-screen by computer-generated special effects. Scooby-Doo was a successful release, with a domestic box office gross of over US$130 million.[3] However, the film was not well reviewed, but was a great hit with kids and fans of the show.[4] A sequel, Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed, followed in March 2004, and earned US$84 (€55,98) million at the U.S. box office.[5]

The 2002 film version departed considerably from the standard Scooby-Doo formula in that the paranormal is real and the skepticism of the original series is ridiculed. Various elements of that formula are parodied in both movies. While the first film had generally original characters as the villains (except for one villain revealed as a surprise plot twist), the second film featured several of the monsters from the television series, including the Black Knight, the 10,000-Volt Ghost, the Pterodactyl Ghost, the Miner 49er and Chickenstein. The animated versions of Shaggy and Scooby make a cameo appearance in the 2003 film Looney Tunes: Back in Action, complaining to Matthew Lillard about how they were portrayed in the live-action films.

A "prequel" live-action movie, Scooby-Doo! The Mystery Begins, was released on DVD and simultaneously aired on Cartoon Network in the third quarter of 2009. The roles have been recast with lesser-known actors.[6]


Reruns of the show have been in syndication since 1980, and have also been shown on cable television networks such as TBS Superstation (until 1989) and USA Network (as part of the USA Cartoon Express from 1990 to 1994). In 1993, A Pup Named Scooby-Doo, having just recently ended its network run on ABC, began reruns on the Cartoon Network; the other versions of Scooby-Doo joined it the following year and became exclusive to the Turner networks: Cartoon Network, TBS Superstation and Turner Network Television. Canadian network Teletoon began airing Scooby Doo Where Are You! in 1997, with the other Scooby series soon following. When TBS and TNT ended their broadcasts of H-B cartoons in 1998, Scooby-Doo became the exclusive property of both Cartoon Network and sister station Boomerang.

The Scooby clones

By the time Scooby-Doo had its first format change in 1972, Hanna-Barbera had produced three other teenager-based shows that were very similar to Scooby in concept and execution: Josie and the Pussy Cats (1970), which resurrected the idea of the rock band to the teenage-crime-fighter formula; The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show (1971), which re-imagined the toddlers from The Flintstones as high school students, and the most blatant Scooby clone, The Funky Phantom (also 1971), which featured three teens, a real ghost and his ghostly cat solving spooky mysteries.

Later cartoons such as The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan (1972); Goober and the Ghost Chasers, Speed Buggy, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kids and Inch High, Private Eye (all 1973); Clue Club and Jabberjaw (both 1976); Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels (1977); Buford and the Galloping Ghost (1978), and the Pebbles, Dino and Bamm-Bamm segments of The Flintstone Comedy Show (1980) would all involve groups of teenagers solving mysteries or fighting crime in the same vein as Scooby-Doo, usually with the help of a wacky animal, ghost, etc. For example, Speed Buggy featured three teens and a talking dune buggy in the role of "Scooby-Doo", while Jabberjaw used four teens and a talking shark in a futuristic underwater environment. Some of these shows even used the same voice actors and score cues. Even outside studios got in on the act: when Joe Ruby and Ken Spears left H-B in 1977 and started Ruby-Spears Productions, their first cartoon was Fangface, yet another mystery-solving Scooby clone.

During the 1970s, the imitating programs successfully coexisted alongside Scooby-Doo on Saturday mornings. Most of the mystery-solving Hanna-Barbera shows made before 1975 were featured on CBS, and when Fred Silverman moved from CBS to ABC in 1975, the mystery-solving shows, including Scooby-Doo, followed him.

Airing history

Scooby Doo Where Are You!

  • USA
  • México
    • Canal 8 (1970–74) in Spanish
    • Canal de Las Estrellas (1974–80) in Spanish
    • Canal 5 (1980–2003) in Spanish
  • Canada
    • Teletoon Retro (2007–15)
  • Hungary
    • TV2 (1997–2000; 2007–08) in Hungarian
    • Cartoon Network (2000–02; 2010–13) in Hungarian
    • Boomerang (2005–06) in English
    • Boomerang (2007–16) in Hungarian

The New Scooby Doo Movies

  • USA
    • CBS (1972–76)
    • ABC (1976–90)
    • USA Network (1990–92)
    • Cartoon Network (1994–2000; 2003–05; 2007–08)
    • Boomerang (2000–05; 2008–11; 2014–15; 2018–present)

The Scooby Doo Show

Scooby Doo and Scrappy Doo

The 13 Ghosts of Scooby Doo

A Pup Named Scooby Doo

Creation and development

In 1969, many of a number of parent-run organizations, most notably Action for Children's Television (ACT), began vocally protesting what they perceived as an excessive amount of gratuitous violence in Saturday morning cartoons during the mid-to-late 1960s.[7] Most of these shows were Hanna-Barbera action cartoons such as Jonny Quest, Space Ghost and The Herculoids, and virtually all of them were canceled by 1969 because of pressure from the parent groups. Members of these watchgroups served as advisers to Hanna-Barbera and other animation studios to ensure that their new programs would be safe for children.

Fred Silverman, executive in charge of children's programming for the CBS network at the time, was looking for a show that would revitalize his Saturday morning line and please the watchgroups at the same time. The result was The Archie Show, based upon Bob Montana's teenage humor comic book Archie. Also successful were the musical numbers The Archies performed during each program (one of which, "Sugar, Sugar", was the most successful Billboard number-one hit of 1969). Silverman was eager to expand upon this success, and contacted producers William Hanna and Joseph Barbera about possibly creating another show based around a teenage rock group, but with an extra spice: the kids would find mysteries in between their gigs. Silverman envisioned the show as a cross between the popular I Love a Mystery radio serials of the 1940s and the popular early 1960s TV show The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis.[8]

Hanna and Barbera passed this task along to two of their head story writers, Joe Ruby and Ken Spears, and artist/character designer Iwao Takamoto. Their original concept of the show bore the title Mysteries Five, and featured five teens (Geoff, Mike, Kelly, Linda, and Linda's brother "W.W.") and their dog, Too Much, who were all in a band called "The Mysteries Five" (even the dog; he played the bongos). When "The Mysteries Five" were not performing at gigs, they were out solving spooky mysteries involving ghosts, zombies, and other supernatural creatures. Ruby and Spears were unable to decide whether Too Much would be a large cowardly dog or a small feisty dog. When the former was chosen, the options became a large goofy German Shepherd or a big shaggy Old English Sheepdog. After a consultation with Barbera on the issue, Too Much was finally set as a Great Dane, primarily to avoid a direct correlation to The Archies (who had a sheepdog, Hot Dog, in their band). Ruby and Spears feared the Great Dane would be too similar to the comic strip character Marmaduke, but Barbera assured them it would not be a problem.[9]

Takamoto consulted a studio colleague who happened to be a breeder of Great Danes. After learning the characteristics of a prize-winning Great Dane from her, Takamoto proceeded to break most of the rules and designed Too Much with overly bowed legs, a double chin and a sloped back, among other abnormalities.[10][11]

By the time the show was ready for presentation by Silverman, a few more things had changed: Geoff and Mike were merged into one character called "Ronnie" (later renamed "Fred", at Silverman's behest),[12] Kelly was renamed to "Daphne", Linda was now called "Velma", and Shaggy (formerly "W.W.") was no longer her brother. Also, Silverman—not being very fond of the name Mysteries Five—had renamed the show Who's S-S-Scared? Using storyboards, presentation boards, and a short completed animation sequence, Silverman presented Who's S-S-Scared? to the CBS executives as the centerpiece for the upcoming 1969–1970 season's Saturday morning cartoon block. The executives felt that the presentation artwork was too spooky for young viewers and, thinking the show would be the same, decided to pass on it.[9]

Now without a centerpiece for the upcoming season's programming, Silverman turned to Ruby and Spears, who reworked the show to make it more comedic and less frightening. They dropped the rock band element, and began to focus more attention on Shaggy and Too Much. According to Ruby and Spears, Silverman was inspired by Frank Sinatra's scat "doo-be-doo-be-doo" he heard at the end of Bert Kaempfert's song "Strangers in the Night" on the way out to one of their meetings, and decided to rename the dog "Scooby-Doo" and re-rechristen the show Scooby Doo Where Are You![9] The revised show was re-presented to CBS executives, who approved it for production.

Also note the similarity between the core premise of this and Enid Blyton's Famous Five books. Both series featured four youths with a dog. In both, one of the girls was attractive (Daphne/Anne) while the other was plain (Velma/Georgina) and frequently the Famous Five stories would revolve around a mystery which would invariably turn out not to be mysterious but a plot to disguise the villain's true intents.

The original voice cast featured Don Messick as Scooby-Doo, Casey Kasem as Shaggy, Frank Welker as Fred, Nicole Jaffe as Velma, and Indira Stefanianna Christopherson as Daphne. [13] Seventeen episodes of Scooby-Doo were produced in 1969. The series' eponymous theme song was written by David Mook and Ben Raleigh, and performed by Larry Marks.

The influences of I Love a Mystery and Dobie Gillis were especially apparent in these early episodes; Mark Evanier, who would write Scooby-Doo teleplays and comic book scripts in the 1970s and 1980s, identified each of the four teenagers with their corresponding Dobie Gillis character: "Fred was based on Dobie, Velma on Zelda, Daphne on Thalia and Shaggy on Maynard G. Krebs."[14] The similarities between Shaggy and Maynard are the most noticeable; both characters share the same beatnik-style goatee, similar hairstyles and demeanours. The roles of each character are strongly defined in the series: Fred is the leader and the determined detective, Velma is the intelligent analyst, Daphne is danger-prone, and Shaggy and Scooby-Doo are cowardly types more motivated by hunger than any desire to solve mysteries. Later versions of the show would make slight changes to the characters' established roles, most notably in the character of Daphne, shown in 1990s and 2000–09 Scooby-Doo productions as knowing many forms of karate and being able to defend herself.

The plot of each episode followed a formula that would serve as a template for many of the later incarnations of the series. At the beginning of the episode, the Mystery, Inc. gang bump into some type of evil ghost or monster, which they learn has been terrorizing the local populace. The teens offer to help solve the mystery behind the creature, but while looking for clues and suspects, the gang (and in particular Shaggy and Scooby) run into the monster, who always gives chase. However, after analyzing the clues they have found, the gang determines that this monster is simply a mere mortal in disguise. They capture the monster, often with the use of a Rube Goldberg-type contraption built by Fred, and bring him to the police. Upon learning the villain's true identity, either the only person they had met or someone they hadn't seen before, the fiendish plot is fully explained, and the apprehended criminal would utter the famous catch phrase, or a variation thereof: "And I would have gotten away with it, if it wasn't for you meddling kids!"

Critical reaction and awards

While a successful series during its three separate tenures on Saturday morning, Scooby-Doo won no awards for artistic merit during its original series runs. The series has received only two Emmy nominations in its four-decade history: a 1989 Daytime Emmy nomination for A Pup Named Scooby-Doo, and a 2003 Daytime Emmy nomination for What's New Scooby-Doo? actress Mindy Cohn in the "Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program" category.[Citation needed] Like many Hanna-Barbera shows, Scooby-Doo was criticized for poor production values and formulaic storytelling. In 2002, Jamie Malanowski of The New York Times commented that "[Scooby-Doo's] mysteries are not very mysterious, and the humor is hardly humorous. As for the animation -- well, the drawings on your refrigerator may give it competition."[15] Even proponents of the series often comment negatively about the formula inherent in most Scooby episodes.[16] Methodological naturalist and paranormal skeptic, Carl Sagan, however, favorably compared the formula to that of most television dealing with paranormal themes. Specifically, the supernatural occurrences in the franchise are usually debunked as hoaxes with logical explanations, and Sagan considered that an adult analogue to Scooby-Doo would be a great public service.[17]

Nevertheless, Scooby-Doo has maintained a significant fan base, which has grown steadily since the 1990s due to the show's popularity among both young children and nostalgic adults who grew up with the series.[18] The show's mix of the comedy-adventure and horror genres is often noted as the reason for its widespread success.[19] As Fred Silverman and the Hanna-Barbera staff had planned when they first began producing the series, Scooby-Doo's ghosts, monsters, and spooky locales tend more towards humor than horror, making them easily accessible to younger children. "Overall, [Scooby-Doo is] just not a show that is going to overstimulate kids' emotions and tensions," offered American Center for Children and Media executive director David Kleeman in a 2002 interview. "It creates just enough fun to make it fun without getting them worried or giving them nightmares.[20]

In recent years, Scooby-Doo has received recognition for its popularity by placing in a number of "top cartoon" or "top cartoon character" polls. The August 3, 2002, issue of TV Guide featured its list of the "50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time", in which Scooby-Doo placed 22nd.[21] Scooby also ranked 13th in Animal Planet's list of the "50 Greatest TV Animals".[22] Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! ranked 49th in the UK network Channel 4's 2005 list of the "100 Greatest Cartoons of All Time".[23] For one year, from 2004 to 2005, Scooby-Doo held the Guinness World Record for having the most episodes of any animated television series ever produced, a record previously held by and later returned to The Simpsons. Scooby-Doo was published as holding this record in the 2006 edition of the Guinness Book of Records.[24]

Subsequent television shows and films often make reference to Scooby-Doo, for example Wayne's World and the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, in which Buffy and her monster-slaying friends refer to themselves as the "Scooby Gang" or "Scoobies", a knowing reference to Scooby-Doo (coincidentally, Sarah Michelle Gellar, who played Buffy, later played Daphne in the live-action movies). A plethora of other media properties have referenced or parodied Scooby-Doo, among them the TV Funhouse segment of NBC's Saturday Night Live, the online comic Sluggy Freelance, the FOX animated series The Simpsons, and the Cartoon Network program Johnny Bravo

In January 2009, IGN named Scooby Doo as the 24th in the Top 100 Best Animated TV Shows,[25].


The first Scooby-Doo-related merchandise came in the form of Scooby Doo Where Are You! comic books by Gold Key Comics, which initially contained adaptations of episodes of the cartoon show when publication began in December 1969. The book soon moved to all-original stories, and continued publication until December 1974. It ran for 30 issues. Charlton published Scooby comics, many drawn by Bill Williams, from February to October 1975, with a total of 11 issues. Since then, Scooby-Doo comics have been published by Marvel Comics (nine issues, written by Mark Evanier and drawn by Dan Spiegle), Harvey Comics (reprints of Charlton, three regular issues, two giant-size issues, and two big books), Archie Comics (ran for 21 issues; 1–13 were the only Scooby comics in the United States to ever feature Scrappy in stories; Archie also made a one-shot of A Pup Named Scooby-Doo [Hanna-Barbera Presents #5]), and DC Comics, which continues to publish a monthly Scooby-Doo series.

Other early Scooby-Doo merchandise included a 1973 Milton Bradley board game, decorated lunch boxes, iron-on transfers, coloring books, story books, records, underwear and other such goods.[26] When Scrappy-Doo was introduced to the series in 1979, he, Scooby, and Shaggy became the sole foci of much of the merchandising, including a 1983 Milton-Bradley Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo board game. The first Scooby-Doo video game appeared in arcades in 1986, and has been followed by a number of games for both home consoles and personal computers. Scooby-Doo multivitamins also debuted at this time, and have been manufactured by Bayer since 2001.

Scooby-Doo merchandising tapered off during the late 1980s and early 1990s, but increased after the series' revival on Cartoon Network in 1995. Today, all manner of Scooby-Doo-branded products are available for purchase, including Scooby-Doo breakfast cereal, plush toys, action figures, car decorations and much more. Real "Scooby Snacks" dog treats are produced by Del Monte Pet Products. Hasbro has created a number of Scooby board games, including a Scooby-themed edition of the popular mystery board game Clue. In 2007, the Pressman Toy Corporation released the board game Scooby-Doo! Haunted House. Beginning in 2001, a Scooby-Doo children's book series was authorized and published by Scholastic. These books, written by Suzanne Weyn, include original stories and adaptations of Scooby theatrical and direct-to-video features.

From 1990 to 2002, Shaggy and Scooby-Doo appeared as characters in the Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera simulator ride at Universal Studios Florida.[27] The ride was replaced between 2000 and 2005 with a Jimmy Neutron attraction, and The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera instead became an attraction at several properties operated by Paramount Parks. Shaggy and Scooby-Doo are costumed characters at Universal Studios Florida, and can be seen driving the Mystery Machine around the park.


TV series

Series number Title Broadcast run Original network # of episodes # of seasons
1 Scooby Doo Where Are You! 1969–1970 CBS 25 2
2 The New Scooby-Doo Movies 1972–1973 24 2
3 The Scooby-Doo Show 1 1976–1978 ABC 40 3
4 Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo 1979–1980 16 1
5 Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo 1980–1982 33 3
6 The All-New Scooby and Scrappy-Doo Show 3 1983–1984 26 2
7 The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo 1985 13 1
8 A Pup Named Scooby-Doo 1988–1991 30 3
9 What's New Scooby-Doo? 2002–2006 Kids' WB on the WB 42 3
10 Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue! 2006–2008 Kids' WB on the CW 26 2
11 Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated 2010-2013 Cartoon Network 52 2
12 Be Cool Scooby-Doo! 2015-2018 Cartoon Network 52 2
13 Scooby-Doo and Guess Who? 2019 Boomerang


52 2

TV specials and telefilms

Direct-to-video films

Live-action films

Video Games

  • Scooby Doo in the Castle Mystery, a 1986 arcade video game published by Elite Systems (later re-released on Elite's budget label Encore) and developed by Gargoyle Games for the ZX Spectrum and Commodore 64.
  • Scooby-Doo Mystery, two separate games of the same title created in 1995; one for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System and the other for the Sega Genesis.
  • Scooby-Doo! Mystery of the Fun Park Phantom, a 1999 mystery computer game developed by Engineering Animation Inc. (EAI) and published by SouthPeak Interactive. The game was released for Microsoft Windows.
  • Scooby-Doo! Classic Creep Capers, a 2000 console game published by THQ and released for Nintendo 64 and Game Boy Color.
  • Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase, A 2001 console game produced by THQ.
  • Scooby-Doo. A 2002 action/puzzle game produced by THQ. The game is based on the 2002 film and was made for the Game Boy Advance.
  • Scooby-Doo! Night of 100 Frights, a 2002 console game published by THQ.
  • Scooby-Doo! Mystery Mayhem, a 2004 console game developed by A2M and published by THQ.
  • Scooby-Doo! Unmasked, a 2005 console game published by THQ.
  • Scooby-Doo! Mystery Adventures, created in 2000 by the Learning Company, is a CD-ROM for Windows. It contains three different versions/challenges/CD-Roms (sold separately): Scooby-Doo: Showdown in Ghost Town, Scooby-Doo: Phantom of the Knight, and Scooby-Doo: Jinx at the Sphinx.
  • Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed, a game that is based on the movie and the code that is shown by Scooby after the movie; apparently, there was a "Scooby-clone" if you got the code wrong and watch the "original" (not the real ending) ending.


  • Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! The Complete 1st and 2nd Seasons, it contains 25 episodes from the original first two seaons.
  • The Best of The New Scooby-Doo Movies, 15 celebrity episodes from the one-hour shows.
  • The Scooby Doo! Dynomutt Hour The Complete Series, 15 episodes of fun-filled Scooby and Dynomutt adventures.
  • Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! The Complete Third Season, contains 16 episodes of Scooby's All Stars series.
  • Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo: The Complete Season 1, scheduled for release on April 28, 2015
  • The Richie Rich Scooby Doo Show Volume One, contains seven episodes
  • Scooby-Doo's Original Mysteries, the first of all Scooby-Doo's DVDs. It contains all of the first five episodes:
    • "What a Night for a Knight"
    • "Hassle in the Castle"
    • "A Clue for Scooby Doo"
    • "Mine Your Own Business"
    • "Decoy for a Dognapper"
  • Scooby-Doo's Creepiest Capers, it contains 4 episodes:
    • "The Haunted House Hang-Up"
    • "Hassle in the Castle"
    • "Go Away Ghost Ship!"
    • "A Night of Fright Is No Delight"
  • Scooby-Doo's Spookiest Tales, this is the first Scooby-Doo DVD with an episode which is not from Scooby Doo Where Are You! It includes four episodes:
  • Scooby-Doo's Greatest Mysteries, it contains four episodes hand-picked by Scooby-Doo fans:
    • "A Clue for Scooby Doo"
    • "Hassle in the Castle"
    • "Jeepers, It's the Creeper!"
    • "The Backstage Rage"



  1. Don Messick (1969-1997)
  2. Hadley Kay (1997)
  3. Scott Innes (1998-2006)
  4. Neil Fanning (2002, 2004 live-action films)
  5. Frank Welker (2002-present)
  6. J.P. Manoux (Brainiac Scooby, 2004)

Shaggy Rogers

  1. Casey Kasem (1969-2009)
  2. Billy West (1998)
  3. Scott Innes (1999-2009)
  4. Matthew Lillard (2002-present)
  5. Cascy Beddow (2004)
  6. Scott Menville (2006-2008)
  7. Nick Palatas (2009, 2010 live-action films)

Fred Jones

  1. Frank Welker (1969-present)
  2. Carl Steven (A Pup Named Scooby-Doo, 1988-1991)
  3. Freddie Prinze, Jr. (2002, 2004 live-action films)
  4. Ryan Vrba (2004)
  5. Robbie Amell (2009, 2010 live-action films)

Daphne Blake

  1. Indira Stefanianna Christopherson (1969)
  2. Heather North (1970-1997, 2003)
  3. Kellie Martin (A Pup Named Scooby-Doo, 1988-1991)
  4. Mary Kay Bergman (1998-2000)
  5. Grey DeLisle (2001-present)
  6. Sarah Michelle Gellar (2002, 2004 live-action films)
  7. Emily Tennant (2004)
  8. Kate Melton (2009, 2010 live-action films) 

Velma Dinkley

  1. Nicole Jaffe (1969-1973, 2003)
  2. Pat Stevens (1976-1979)
  3. Marla Frumkin (1979-1980, 1984)
  4. Christina Lange (A Pup Named Scooby-Doo, 1988-1991)
  5. B. J. Ward (1997-2001)
  6. Mindy Cohn (2002-2015)
  7. Linda Cardellini (2002, 2004 live-action films)
  8. Lauren Kennedy (2004)
  9. Hayley Kiyoko (2009, 2010 live-action films)
  10. Bets Malone (singing voice, 2012) 
  11. Stephanie D'Abruzzo (2013)
  12. Kate Micucci (2015-present)


  1. Lennie Weinrib (1979-1980)
  2. Don Messick (1980-1986)
  3. Scott Innes (2002)
  4. J.P. Manoux (2002)

Vincent Van Ghoul

  1. Vincent Price (The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo, 1985)
  2. Maurice LaMarche (2010-2012)

Other regular characters

See also



  1. CD liner notes: Saturday Mornings: Cartoons' Greatest Hits, 1995 MCA Records
  2. CD liner notes: Saturday Mornings: Cartoons’ Greatest Hits, 1995 MCA Records
  3. Chris Suellentrop. (March 26, 2004). "Hey Dog! How do you do that Voodoo That You Do So Well?". Slate.com. Retrieved from http://www.Slate.com/id/2097818/ on June 9, 2006.
  4. Review of Scooby-Doo. Retrieved on December 19, 2006.
  5. (January 27, 2006). "Weekend Box Office preview". Variety. Retrieved from on June 9, 2006.
  6. Scooby-Doo: No Big Mystery, Third Live-Action Movie in the Works TVSeriesFinale.com. Retrieved from http://tvseriesfinale.com/articles/scooby-doo-third-live-action-movie-in-the-works-no-big-mystery/ on August 4, 2008.
  7. William Richter "Action for Children's Television". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved from http://www.Museum.TV/Archives/etv/A/htmlA/actionforch/actionforch.htm on June 9, 2006.
  8. Laurence Marcus & Stephen R. Hulce (October, 2000). "Scooby Doo, Where Are You". Television Heaven. Retrieved from http://www.Televisionheaven.co.uk/scooby.htm on June 9, 2006.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Ruby and Spears (2002).
  10. Ignacio, Cynthia Quimpo (2002). "Iwao Takamoto: Scooby-Doo and Iwao, Too". Yolk 2.0., vol. 9, issue 3. Los Angeles, CA: Informasian Media Group, Inc.
  11. (2006). Interview with Iwao Takamoto. Eerie Mystery of Scooby-Doo and Dynomutt's History [documentary featurette from The Scooby-Doo Dynomut Hour: The Complete Series DVD bonus features]. New York, Los Angeles, CA: Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc. Excerpt: "The Great Dane was supposed to be the biggest dog around... and there was a woman [at the studio] who actually bred and reared Great Danes. So, she came over, and spent a solid hour describing all of the positive things that makes a prize-winning Great Dane. And I selected about five things, I think, and went in the opposite direction. For instance, a good, strong straight back, so I sloped his back. A strong chin, so I under-swung his chin... and I think straight hind legs she mentioned. So I bowed them..."
  12. (2006). Interview with Ken Spears. Eerie Mystery of Scooby-Doo and Dynomutt's History. Excerpt: "That character [Fred] started out... I think his name was 'Geoff'... and then he became 'Harvey'. And then all of a sudden, Fred [Silverman] came in and said [the character] was going to be 'Fred'. So, I guess he had something to do with that."
  13. (2008). "Full cast and credits for Scooby Doo Where Are You! IMDb.com.
  14. Evanier, Mark. (July 10, 2002). Post on "News from Me" blog for Povonline.com. Retrieved from http://povonline.com/2002/News060902.htm on March 27, 2006.
  15. Malanowski, Jamie (May 12, 2002). "One for the Scooby Cognoscenti". The New York Times.
  16. Burke and Burke, p 108.
  17. Sagan, Carl. The Demon-Haunted World (1997). New York: Ballantine Books, p 374.
  18. Berardinelli, James (June 2002). Review for Scooby-Doo [feature film]. James Berardinelli's Movie Reviews. Retrieved from http://movie-reviews.colossus.net/movies/s/scooby-doo.html on August 13, 2006. Excerpt: "Unfortunately, there is an audience out there for Scooby-Doo. It is comprised primarily of Generation X'ers, who wax nostalgic about the "classic" cartoon series, and their children, who are too young to know any better."
  19. Elias, Justine (Feb. 24, 2002). "Scooby-Doo Forever: The Curious Cachet of a Cowardly Dog." The New York Times. Excerpt: "Both the [Cartoon Network] and children's TV critics point to Scooby's mix of thrills, gas and reassurance as the key to its longevity."
  20. Review for Scooby Doo's Original Mysteries DVD. Film Freak Central. Retrieved from http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/dvdreviews/scoobydoo.htm on August 13, 2006.
  21. (Aug. 22, 2002). "50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time". TV Guide.
  22. (Jun 20, 2003). "Animal Planet Picks Top 50 TV Animals". Scoop. Retrieved from http://scoop.diamondgalleries.com/scoop_article.asp?ai=2787&si=121 on August 13, 2006.
  23. (2005). "The 100 Greatest Cartoons of All Time". Channel4.com. Retrieved from http://www.channel4.com/entertainment/tv/microsites/G/greatest/cartoons/results.html on August 13, 2006.
  24. (25 Oct. 2004). "Scooby-Doo breaks cartoon record". BBC News. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3949579.stm on March 27, 2006.
  25. http://tv.ign.com/top-100-animated-tv-series/24.html
  26. "Scooby-Doo according ot Wingnut: Collectibles". Wingnuttoons.com. Retrieved from http://www.wingnuttoons.com/Scooby-Doo_Collection2.html on August 12, 2006. Contains an extensive illustrated list of Scooby-Doo-related merchandise, from the 1970s to the present.
  27. Stokes, Trey (2002). "The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera". Retrieved from http://www.trudang.com/simulatr/hbsim.html on August 12, 2006. Article on the creation of the ride, written by one of its programmers.

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